Tourist Attraction in Puerto Iguazú: Cataratas del Iguazú
Iguazu Falls (Iguazu Cataratas) are waterfalls generated by the Iguazú River at the border between the Argentinean province. The system consists of 275 waterfalls, with heights up to 70 meters, along 2.7 kilometers of the Iguazú River. Diablo's Garganta, a U-shaped groove 150 meters long and 700 meters long, is the most impressive, and marks the border between Argentina and Brazil. Most of the falls are in Argentine territory, but from the Brazilian side (600 meters) you get a more panoramic view of the Garganta del Diablo. Waterfalls are shared by the Iguassu National Park (Argentina) and the Iguaçu National Park (Brazil). These parks were designated by the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984 and 1986 respectively. The name Iguazu comes from the words guaraní y (waters) and guasu (large). A guaraní legend says that a god pretended to marry a beautiful girl called Naipú, who, however, escaped with his deadly lover Caroba in canoe. Angry, the god changed the river creating the waterfalls, where Naipu fell turning into rock, while Caroba became a tree. It is said that from this position the two lovers continue to observe. Near the waterfall, on each side, there are two important cities: Brazilian Foz do Iguaçu, located in the Brazilian state of Parana, and Puerto Iguazú, located in the Argentinian province of Misiones. Other major tourist attractions near the falls are the hydroelectric power station of Itaipu, and the Jesuit Jesuit missions in Paraguay, Argentina, and Brazil.