Charles Deering Estate (known as Deering Estate at Cutler) was the Florida residence of the entrepreneur Charles Deering, where he died there in 1927. In 1900 SH Richmond built a house in Cutler (near Palmetto Bay) that his wife , Edith, used as an inn calling it Richmond Cottage. Among the guests of Richmond Cottage, according to the 1900 register of the inn, there were Henry Flagler and James Ingrahm. In 1901 the Miami Metropolis pointed to the Richmond Cottage as the southernmost hotel on the continental part of the United States. Charles Deering bought the house in 1916 and moved there in 1922. Charles Deering was an entrepreneur born on July 31, 1852 in Paris (Maine). After graduating in 1873 in the United States Naval Academy and serving in the navy until 1881, he became secretary in the family company Deering Harvester Company which in 1902 merged with the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company in the International Harvester, of which he became president. Deering lived on the 1.8 km2 estate for five years, from 1922 to 1927. Here Charles Deering died at the age of 75 on February 5, 1927. After Deering's death, the estate passed to his wife and children. In 1985 the property was bought by the state of Florida. On 24 August 1992 the estate was hit by Hurricane Andrew with winds over 270 km / h. The waterfront of the estate was devastated by waves that reached the second floor of the houses and the water that rose five meters above the sea level. The Richmond Cottage was unhinged from its foundations and shattered by the hurricane. The restoration took seven years and cost 7.2 million dollars, to reopen to the public in 1999. The property consists of a three-story wooden building built in 1900, called the Richmond Cottage, and a stone house, also it is of three floors. In the property were also other ancillary buildings to the estate. The land also houses what is considered the largest coastal forest in the United States of America. The house and the land were used several times in the 1980s Miami Vice TV series. It was also the starting point for the 2007 reality show The Amazing Race. Inside the property, important archaeological finds were also found. The Cutler Burial Mound is one of the rare prehistoric tumuli found in Miami-Dade County. The mound has a base of about 11.5 m by 6 m and is about 1.5 m high. The finds of the mound date back to the Glades culture period, developed in Florida from the 500 BC, up to the contact with the Europeans. It is believed that the mound contains the burials of a number between 12 and 18 of Native Americans. The mound has been desecrated several times. Henry Perrine Jr, son of Henry Perrine, in the 1860s removed several skulls from the mound while searching for the treasure of the Black Caesar pirate. Ralph Munroe carried out excavations in the mound in 1890 and in the 20th century some children dug into the mound and removed bones and artifacts; some of the bones were recovered and placed in the mound. The mound is accessed via a footbridge. In 1979, inside a doline in the Deering Estate, bones of Pleistocene animals were found together with bones and paleoamerican finds. The site was purchased by the Miami-Dade County and is now part of the Charles Deering Estate park. In 1989 the Deering Estate Foundation was created, aimed at developing awareness, involvement, understanding and use of Deering Estate at Cutler as well as raising funds to support training, research, exhibitions and collections, natural conservation and historical restoration. preservation.