Tazumal is a Mayan pre-Columbian archaeological site in El Salvador; is located in the heart of Chalchuapa, in the department of Santa Ana, 15 km from the country's capital. It is included in the archaeological area of Chalchuapa, whose approximate surface area is 10 km² and where the archaeological sites of Pampe, Casa Blanca, El Trapiche and Las Victorias are also located. This archaeological area was strongly influenced not only by Copán, but also by Teotihuacan, Toltec and Mexica. Specifically, Tazumal comprises several ruins that were the scene of an important and sophisticated Mayan settlement that existed between years 100 and 1200, knowing a greater development in the classic period (250 to 900). Traces found include water drainage systems, tombs, pyramids and temples. After the year 900 were built a pyramid of Toltec style, a field of game of the ball as well as other smaller structures. Tazumal was definitely abandoned about 1200. The ruins of Tazumal are considered the most important and best preserved in El Salvador. Some of the artifacts found here show the existence of trade with places as far away as Panama and Mexico. Archaeologists estimate that the first settlers of the Chalchuapa area arrived here in 1200 BC.