Tourist Attraction in La Plata: Museo de Ciencias Naturales de La Plata
The Museum of La Plata is a museum of natural sciences located in the city of La Plata, capital of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina that is part of the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Museum of the National University of La Plata (UNLP). The Museum of La Plata has as its immediate antecedent the Archaeological and Anthropological Museum, founded on October 17, 1872 in the city of Buenos Aires, then capital of the province of the same name. This museum integrated collections consisting of 15,000 copies of bone pieces and industrial objects donated by Francisco Pascasio Moreno, appointed Life Director thereof. From the federalization of the city of Buenos Aires, in 1880, and the founding of the city of La Plata as the new capital of the province in 1882, the provincial government ordered the transfer of Moreno's collections to this city in June of 1884, and the construction of a building that would house it, whose work began in October of that same year.1 It was then that Moreno also donated 2000 volumes of his private library. Thus, Francisco P. Moreno was its founder and first director. The construction of the museum concluded in 1889, although its opening to the public was made a few months earlier, on November 19, 1888, on the sixth anniversary of the city's founding. In the year 1906, months after the nationalization of the National University of La Plata, and being the reorganizer of the Joaquín V. González University, the museum became part of it, incorporating teaching and research activities. It was then that Moreno left the museum's management for disagreeing with the new orientation that this incorporation meant: the facilities had to be reduced, part of the library was distributed in other universities and the printing press and the adjacent lands were the property of the province. In the plans of the new organization it was foreseen among other things a school of Natural Sciences, one of Chemical Sciences and another one of Fine Arts and Drawing. This did not favor the museum in its first years of national life because the schools absorbed the activity of the professors, decaying then the scientific work, being realized much less explorations and investigations.