Tourist Attraction in Goiânia: Centro Cultural Oscar Niemeyer
The Oscar Niemeyer Cultural Center, also known as CCON and NIE, is a complex of cultural spaces located on the avenue Deputado Jamel Cecílio, Quadra Gleba, Lot 01, nº 4 490, Sector Fazenda Gameleira, in the southwest region of the city of Goiânia, Goiás, in Brazil. It was inaugurated on March 30, 2006. Today, the complex is composed of the Esplanade of Culture, a 26,000-square-meter square dedicated to exhibitions, artistic presentations, events and shows. While the other buildings are geometric volumes of concrete, the library building is a smoked-fronted glass box - intentionally dark to enhance the contrast with the white MAC - Museum of Contemporary Art and the Palace of Music and with the large red triangle of the Monument to Human Rights. In this space of 700 square meters, there is an auditorium for 170 seats, winter garden and exhibition hall. It has two accesses by the GO-020 and BR-153 highways, public transportation lines, helipad and 470 parking spaces. Although it bears the name of the architect from Rio, the Centro Cultural honors great Goiás artists in all its facilities. Some members were against the name of Oscar, but it was important to pay tribute to this great architect, who was decisive for the state of Goiás. Another non-Goitic honoree is former President of Brazil Juscelino Kubitschek. The miner names the Cultural Esplanade, a large concrete plate that houses all the buildings. Niemeyer, who was not present at the time, said that what pleased him most about the project was exactly the Juscelino Kubitschek Cultural Esplanade, "for its innovative aspect." João Niemeyer, nephew of the architect, represented the uncle and also coordinated and supervised the project of creation and construction of the space. The main building of the Cultural Center is the Library, which pays homage to Bernardo Élis, the only Goian writer to belong to the Brazilian Academy of Letters; and J.J. Veiga, who was divided between Corumbá, his native land, and Pirenopolis, who chose to live. Finally, the third honored by the library is the historian and researcher Paulo Bertran. With about ten thousand square meters, the library building has three floors on pilotis, with an auditorium with 135 seats and terrace, which houses a restaurant with panoramic views. Next comes the MAC - Museum of Contemporary Art, which has four thousand square meters comprising an art gallery, administrative room, ground floor, mezzanine and pavement for exhibitions. The Palace of Music Belkiss Spenziere is the third building of the ensemble and boasts traces that have become great symbols of the work of Niemeyer. The concrete structure so characteristic of the master of modernist architecture gives shape to the spherical palace, which, in seven thousand square meters, houses a theater with more than 1,500 seats, with orchestra pit, 284 seats and bar. Goya Belkiss, who died in 2005, was one of the most notable pianists and scholars of Brazilian music. Next, the Monument to Human Rights, the fourth building, also lives up to the forms that made the architect's features and "monumental sculptor" so easy to be recognized. With 700 square meters of area, the monument houses a 700-seat auditorium, winter garden and exhibition hall. In Niemeyer's words, "a large red triangle that gives the project the desired importance".