Tourist Attraction in Estancia La Criolla: Cueva de las Manos
The Cave of the Hands is an archaeological and cave paintings site located in the deep canyon of the Pinturas River, in the Buenos Aires Lake Department, west of the Province of Santa Cruz, in Argentina. His interest lies in the beauty of the cave paintings, as well as in his great antiquity: until now, the oldest inscriptions are dated the year 7350 BC. C. It is one of the oldest artistic expressions of the South American peoples and has been declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco. The cave of the Manos belongs to a series of American archaeological sites, such as Monte Verde (Chile), Pedra Furada (Brazil) and Piedra Museo (Argentina), among others that are questioning the traditional theory of the late settlement of America, to sustain a Early settlement theory (pre-Clovis). Another nearby settlement was located in Los Toldos, also in the province of Santa Cruz, with remains dating from 12,500 BP (10 500 BC). Although the cave is known to Western travelers since the 19th century (the first being Francisco Pascasio Moreno), archaeological investigations began in the 1960s. These proved that the ancient inhabitants lived by hunting and the collection of wild vegetables. In addition to the "painted hands" are also forms such as circles, ovals and starry figures, among many others. The hands were not painted on the rock but stenciled on the stone. This means that those ancient inhabitants supported the palm of the hand on the ceiling or wall of the cave and then covered it with paint.