Tourist Attraction in New York: Empire State Building
The Empire State Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City located in the Midtown District of Manhattan, on the corner of Fifth Avenue and West Thirty Fourth Street. It became one of the largest symbols of the city, four hundred and forty-five meters high, the tallest of the skyscrapers in the world until it was overtaken by the Twin Towers and reassumed the city's primacy after the September 11 attacks. 2001 and returned to second place at the inauguration of the One World Trade Center, with a height of 542 meters. Each year it is a tourist destination of more than three million visitors who flock to the panoramic terrace of the eighteenth floor and the observatory in the hundredth. At the end of the eighteenth century, the place where the current skyscraper rises was composed of a land belonging to a certain John Thompson, which also included a small lake called Sunfish Pond. In 1827, the entire estate was purchased by the Astor family, who built their residence. During the nineteenth century, the descendants of the Astor built their first large hotel in the city under the name of Waldorf Astoria. The prestigious hotel, known as the meeting place of the city's aristocracy belonging to the exclusive group known as Four hundred, closed its doors to move to the current home of three hundred-year-old Park Avenue. The complex of buildings that opened the hotel was bought in the summer of the same year by a group of businessmen formed by a former General Motors executive named John Jakob Raskob and other illustrious city figures such as Coleman du Pont, Pierre S. du Pont , Louis G. Kaufman and Ellis P. Earle; together formed the Empire State Corporation appointing President Alfred E. Smith, former governor of the State of New York. The project for the construction of the new building was entrusted to the Lamb & Harmon studio that produced the definitive designs of an Art Deco building in just two weeks, drawing from those made for the Carew Tower in Cincinnati and the Reynolds Building Winston-Salem; The use of the new building was immediately commercial, with the intention of hosting many offices of the city's growing activities. The initial design had a lower floor of only eighty floors, a ceiling never exceeded by any building so far, but the fierce competition unleashed by the nearby Chrysler building changed the work in progress with the addition of additional plans and the taller gal that led the building to the intense goal of hundreds of floors.