Tourist Attraction in Tel Aviv: Tel Afek (Antipatride)
Antipatrides (today Tel Afek) was a city in Palestine, precisely in Judea, today an archaeological Tell in the center of Israel where there are the vestiges of the biblical city of Afek and memories of biblical and Christian events; it was refounded and renamed "Antipatris" by Herod the Great. Antipatrides stood in the vicinity of the Yarkon River, and is now part of the great Yarkon National Park. On the site the archaeologists have discovered traces of a 5000 year old camp. Afek is mentioned, a first time, in a text of Egyptian execration and, later, in a report concerning Thoutmòsis III. Afek is mentioned several times in the Bible, in which it is described as a Canaanite city conquered by Joshua and as a Philistine military base at the time of Samuel; It is also mentioned in a tablet of Nineveh as a border town with Samaria. For some time Afek took the name of Pegaì, but in Roman times, passing for some time under the designation '' Caphar Seba ''. became '"Antipatide'". It was Herod the Great, in 9 BC, to rebuild it, or to make it live again with new fame, with this name to honor the memory of his father Antipater II, former procurator of Judea, after having been Minister of Hyrcanus despite his idumean origin. Herod the Great chose this place because, according to Josephus, on the road bound by the maritime area in Jerusalem and because it is situated in a land rich in vegetation and crossed, like the city itself, by a river that irrigated it. Paul of Tarsus, according to the Acts of the Apostles, passed here one night as a prisoner, while he was taken to Caesarea by the Procurator Felix to whom he had appealed (from here, then, in 59 after two years of detention, he was transferred to Rome, at the court of the Emperor). Antipatris was destroyed during the first Jewish war between the years 66 and 70 after Christ. Josephus speaks of it extensively in his Jewish Antiquities. It will be resolved only after two centuries, but the earthquake of 363 will shave it to the ground. It will rise as a military bulwark under the Ottoman empire. And in the Muslim era, the place was called in Arabic Qal'at Ras and the al or Tell Ras al Ayn.