The palace of the Aga Khan was built by Sultan Mahommed Shah, Aga Khan III, in 1892. Built in Yerwada, near Pune, India, it was conceived to be a source of employment for the impoverished villagers around during the years of famine. Although it was never the official residence of the Aga Khan, the palace was used for different activities and visited by multiple members of royalty.
The palace of the Aga Khan is made known internationally on August 9, 1942, when Gandhi is transferred to his facilities, to be kept under house arrest, after being taken prisoner by launching the Quit India campaign. Along with Gandhi, his wife Kasturba Gandhi and Mahadev Desai, his assistant, were arrested. The palace had been ceded by the Aga Khan, to the British raj, for use in times of war. Mahadev Desai died a few days later, on August 15, 1942, while he remained under detention, as did Kasturba who died on February 22, 1944. Gandhi was finally released on May 6, 1944. Prince Karim al-Hussayni, Aga Khan IV, donated the palace of the Aga Khan (also known as Gandhi National Monument) to the government of India on February 22, 1969, for the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Fund. The building is considered a monument of national importance. The palace has become a monument to the memory and philosophy of Gandhi, the museum inside has a rich collection of paintings and photographs of important incidents in his life. There is also a wide variety of personal items, including utensils, clothes, bad, slippers and a letter written by Gandhi on the death of his secretary, among other things. The samadhi that contains a part of the ashes of Gandhi, was built in the surroundings by the architect Charles Correa. The samadhis that contain the ashes of Kasturba Gandhi and Mahadev Desai, are also located in the gardens of the palace. The complex was declared a monument of national importance by the government of India in 2003, and is administered by the Archaeological Supervision of India, through the Gandhi National Memorial Society. The exhibition is held in the palace on a regular basis, to showcase the life and career of Mahatma Gandhi. Curiosities, This palace was one of the locations of the biographical film Gandhi by Richard Attenborough.