The Malé Friday Mosque, also known as the Old Friday Mosque, is one of the oldest and most ornate mosques in the city of Male, in the Kaafu Atoll, in the Maldives. The coral boulders of the genus Porites, found throughout the archipelago, are the basic materials used for the construction of this and other mosques in the country because of its suitability. Although the coral is soft and easily cut to size when it is wet, it makes the bricks robust when it is dry. The mosque was added to the UNESCO World Heritage cultural list in 2008 as unique examples of marine culture architecture. The mosque was built in 1658, during the reign of Ibrahim Iskandar I (1648-1687). It was built on a former mosque built in 1153. Built primarily in coral, the mosque originally had a thatched roof. In 1963 further renovations were carried out, converting the teak wood roof supports and replacing the corrugated sheet with aluminum. In 1987 and 1988, an Indian team from the National Research Laboratory for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage and the National Center for Linguistic and Historical Research in Malé carried out conservation work on the mosque. The oldest mosque in the Maldives has been in continuous use since it was built. The mosque would have been built over an ancient temple that preached Islam; the original temple was in front of the setting sun, rather than in Mecca. The Friday Mosque of Malé is oriented to the west. His prayer carpet is tilted to the northwest corner of the mosque, so worshipers can face Mecca while they pray. The devotees enter the mosque from one of the two entrance doors leading to the mosque's balcony. The prayer room has a burgundy colored carpet, modeled with images reminiscent of the hot water bottles that surround the spaces for believers offering prayers. The mosque has a declared capacity of 10,700 for Friday prayers. The mosque, in a walled enclosure, is made of interlocking coral blocks with its hypostyle roof supported by cut coral columns. With three entrances, the mosque has two prayer rooms surrounded by antechambers on three sides. The vaulted and decorated ceiling is notched with steps. The local masters of carpenters, known as maavadikaleyge, have modeled the carpentry, the roof and the interior of the mosque, and its wall panels and ceilings have many culturally significant examples of traditional Maldivian sculptures and lacquered works. The mihrab, with a mimbar (pulpit) at one end, is a large chamber. The main building, used for daily prayers, is divided into three sections: the mihtab (used by the imam to guide the prayers), the miskiy of the medhu (the central area of the mosque) and the faki miskiy (the back of the mosque). A long carved fourteenth-century panel recalls the introduction of Islam to the Maldives. The large blue and white minaret adjacent to the mosque (built in 1675) is reminiscent of a wedding cake, with a broad base similar to that of a ship. Built with coral stones, it is reinforced with metal strips. The minaret is surrounded by a cemetery with carved coral tombstones that distinguish males, females, sultans and their families. The female headstones have rounded tops; the men have pointed buds and the inscriptions for the kings are golden. For the members of the family, small mausoleums with finely decorated stone walls have been built. This mosque and the other coral mosques of the Maldives were added to the provisional list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in 2008.