Tourist Attraction in Moscow: Red Square (Krasnaya ploshchad)
The Red Square (Russian: Krasnaya ploshchad) is a famous square in Moscow, known for large military parades during the era of the Soviet Union. The square separates the royal citadel, known as the Kremlin, from the historic district of Kitay-gorod. As large Moscow streets leave from the square in various directions, extending into highways out of the city, Red Square can be considered as the central square of Moscow and all of Russia. The name of Red Square does not derive from the color of the bricks around it, nor from the association of red color with communism; in fact, the name came about because the Russian word krasnaya can mean both "red" and "beautiful". The word was originally used (meaning "beautiful") to St. Basil's Cathedral, and was later transferred to the adjacent square. It is believed that the square was given its present name (instead of the old one, Pozhar) during the seventeenth century. The rich history of Red Square is reflected in many paintings by Vasily Surikov, Konstantin Yuon and others. The square should serve as the main market in Moscow. It was also the site of various ceremonies and public proclamations, and occasionally it was where the coronation to the Tsars of Russia took place. The square has been gradually built since then and has been used for official ceremonies of all Russian governments since it was established.