The National Archaeological Museum of Reggio Calabria or the National Museum of Magna Grecia (also known as "Palazzo Piacentini") is a historical and important institution for the preservation of Italian culture, possessing one of the most remarkable collections of finds from Magna Grecia. Access to the Museum from Piazza De Nava. At the entrance is the statue of a tuff trolley, coming from a public building from the 3rd century BC. of Montescaglioso. Formed initially by a nucleus of material surrendered by the civic museum of the city, built in the nineteenth century, the National Archaeological Museum of Magna Grecia grew up with the many finds, the result of the various excavation campaigns conducted to date by the Archaeological Superintendence of Calabria. Today, the new Calabrian finds are no longer assembled and kept in a single museum, but are exposed in those archaeological sites where new discoveries have made it possible to set up small local museums (Crotone, Locri, Roccelletta di Borgia, Sibari, Vibo Valentia, Lamezia Terme), which nowadays adjoin the Reggio Emilia museum. The building is made up of a lava-lined stone base, where alternating large travertine pylons and large windows of the exhibition rooms alternate. On the main facade is carved a series of great decorations reproducing the coins of the cities of Magna Grecia. It is considered one of the most significant works of the buildings built for museum purposes, thanks to its large windows that illuminate the exhibition spaces mostly open space. In 1882, the Civic Museum was established, which, in the climate of the new national unity, collected and disseminated culture of citizenship with testimonies of local history and culture, archaeological finds, remembrances of the resurgence and painting collections. At the entrance of the hall are two large dioramas with the representation of life scenes of the middle and upper Paleolithic populations. Below is the reproduction of an engraving depicting a Bos taurus primigenius, dating back to about 11,000 years ago, discovered in 1961 on a boulder - along with two smaller figures and along with many linear signs. Beside engraving, a tomb was rebuilt in which the skeletons of two individuals were simultaneously inhaled, side-by-side and partially superimposed, in an unusual position. In fact, the underlying feminine individual passes his left arm around his neck, as in a gesture of affection, to the young man partially above, deformed by rachitism. Another diorama set up to represent Neolithic life scenes, followed by some display cases with terracotta, bronze and iron items such as vases, jugs, cups, axes, swords and fibulae, ranging from Neolithic to later ages from various locations Calabria such as: Praia a Mare, Torre Galli, Santa Domenica di Ricadi, Roccella Ionica, Amendolara, Cassano all'Ionio. The archaeological collections of the museum include excavation materials from Calabria, Basilicata, and Sicily sites, which illustrate the art and history of Magna Grecia since the 8th century BC. and material from previous periods (prehistory and protostory) and subsequent (Roman and Byzantine periods). Among the most significant materials: Bronze of Riace: found in the province of Reggio, are two large bronze statues, Greek origin from the middle of the fifth century BC. Head of the Philosopher, found in Porticello near Reggio Calabria, is a rare Greek example; Head of Apollo Aleo in marble, from Cirò; A group of Dioscuri descending from the horse in the battle of the Festival, by Locri Epizefiri; Bronze tables, of the archives of the Zeus Temple of Locri Epizefiri; Pinakes collections, ex-cast steel rating, featuring Persephone rat scenes from Locri Epizefiri; Collections of jewels, bronze mirrors, and medals.