Tourist Attraction in Crotone: Area archeologica di Capo Colonna
The archaeological site of Capo Colonna is a state archaeological site located in Capo Colonna, near Crotone, reachable by a coastal road from the capital. The sanctuary of Hera Lacinia of Capo Colonna, dependent on the ancient city of Crotone, was one of the most important sanctuaries of Magna Graecia from the archaic age up to the 4th century BC, until it was the seat of the Italian League before moving to Taranto. The site of the sanctuary was in a strategic position along the coastal routes that united Taranto to the Strait of Messina, on a promontory called Lacinion, which also gave the epitome to the venerated goddess Hera Lacinia. The name today remembers the ruins of the temple (with the last "column" standing), while the name used up to the modern era, "Cape Nao", is nothing more than a contraction of the Greek naos, which means temple itself . The sanctuary was built at the end of the 6th century BC. and was also called by Hera Eleytheria, as is evidenced by an inscription on the Lacinion patch, at the National Archaeological Museum in Crotone. In the 16th century it was almost completely plundered to reuse building materials. The complex was made up of several buildings, some of which are still visible today. The real temple of Doric, with six columns on the façade (exaltil), was facing the sea and had the classic shape of the Greek temples: an imposing complex of forty-eight Doric-style columns over eight feet high and made up of eight grooved grooves. The roof was of marble slabs and marble parquet tiles. Nothing is known about the decorations which, however, were certainly present, as can be deduced from the discovery of a Greek marble head of Greece and a few other fragments. The column, in Doric style, until 1638 was flanked by another fall for an earthquake and rests on the few remains of the mighty stylobates. In the vicinity there is a "Via Sacra" of about sixty meters and wide over 8 meters. The complex of the temple also includes at least three other buildings called "Building B", "Building H", "Building K": Building B , which has a rectangular plan, is considered to be the original temple. This thesis is supported by the finding of finds that would have been dated from the 8th century BC. Square H building, also called Hestiatorion, is subdivided into various premises. The find of typical furnishings of the dining rooms can be deduced that it was the building-dining and dining of travelers as well as priests. In any case, the dating of this "Building H" is placed in the 4th century BC. when the temple had already hired great celebrities. Building K, or Katagogion, dates back to the 4th century BC. It has an "elle" plant and only its stands are left. It is supposed to be a loggia of columns, always in Doric style, combining a series of rooms and a courtyard. It was probably the guesthouse where they could find important visitors, while their companions had to settle for less sophisticated and resistant constructions. The excavations have rediscovered a part of the original architectural decorations in Greek marble and dated to a construction phase of the 5th century BC that are now in Crotone. In the capital there are also the remains of pario marble cover, following the victory of Crotone on Sibari, and votive offerings, often with inscriptions.