Tourist Attraction in Oświęcim: Auschwitz Birkenau
Auschwitz concentration camp is the vast complex of concentration and work fields that formed a concentra- tion system located near Oswiecim (German Auschwitz), a city in southern Poland. In addition to the original camp, called Auschwitz I, during the Holocaust period, several other areas of the complex were born, including the notorious Birkenau (Auschwitz II) camp located in Birkenau (Polish Brzezinka), the work camp of Monowitz (Auschwitz III), located in Monowitz (Polish Monowice), and another 45 under fields built during the German occupation of Poland where deportees were used to work in the various German industries built in the area. The complex of Auschwitz camps, the largest ever built by Nazism, played a key role in the "final solution to the Jewish question" euphemism with which the Nazis indicated the extermination of the Jews (in the field, however, they also found death many other internment categories) - quickly becoming the most efficient detoxification center in Nazi Germany. Auschwitz, in the collective imagery, has become the universal symbol of the lager, as well as synonymous with "death factory", built in the heart of Eastern Europe in the twentieth century. In 1947, the Polish parliament decided to create a memorial museum that included the area of Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II. In 1979 the site was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Auschwitz Concentration Camp Initial Name will be officially changed to Auschwitz Birkenau - German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945) in 2007 at the request of Poland.