Tourist Attraction in Pistoia: Fortezza Santa Barbara
Santa Barbara Fortress is an ancient fortification in the city of Pistoia. It was built on a pre-existing medieval fortress erected by the Florentines in 1331 near a chapel dedicated to San Barnaba and destroyed by the Pistoia for retaliation in 1343, preserves the great tower and the modest traces of those ancient structures. It was realized by the wish of Cosimo I de 'Medici, who entrusted the project to Nanni Unghero; The works, which began in 1539, were directed by Giovan Battista Bellucci. The intent was to put an end to the guilty feelings of Pistoia rather than the external threats. The central core was enlarged by Bernardo Buontalenti, who connected it with a new bulwark to the city walls. It was disarmed by Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo in 1774, after sustaining throughout its history a single siege, that of 1643, when the Barberini troops attacked the city and were rejected. It was subsequently used as a barracks, military prison, district. Inside the Germans in 1944 they shot four young Pistoia. Located on the south-east corner of the city walls, it has a quadrilateral plan with bastioned walls with boulders built in brick. The entrance is at the center of the curtain, the parapets are inclined, the cannons are in the straight flanks and the vertical curve of the curtain is remarkably developed in height. It responds to the constructive criteria of a large or military architecture that does not include formal or decorative solutions as it was typical of Cosimo I's military architecture. Until the fifteenth century, the wall enclosures are square, polygonal with lead curtains from which towers are erected which were useful to suppress the invaders from the side, walkways, cascades, ditches, and stone curtains. Of the structure of the medieval era, remains of towers and the doorman remained intact. The transition from the medieval medieval fortress of Santa Barbara to the fortress of Santa Barbara of Renaissance style is due to the different approaches adopted by the besiegers who now have new firearms instead of crossbows and catapults, thus eliminating the tops of the towers and the corners alive and the bastioned face is built. During the sixteenth century the Bellucci and Buontalenti interventions were designed to remove the beacons of the remaining tower, which was expanded and spared by cymbals, unlike the bell tower of San Paolo and San Pier Maggiore, which prevented sight and control of the city . The building remains almost unchanged until today, except for some restoration work and adaptation to the various functions that the fortress has played over time.