Civita was founded 2500 years ago by the Etruscans. It rises on one of the oldest roads in Italy, joining the Tiber (then the great navigation route of Central Italy) and Lake Bolsena. In the ancient town of Civita was accessed through five gates, while today the port of Santa Maria or Cava represents the main one, and Civita can be accessed from the valley of the hills through a suggestive gallery excavated in the rock. The urban structure of the entire town is of Etruscan origin, consisting of cardi and decumani according to Etruscan and then Roman, while the entire architectural coating is medieval and Renaissance. Numerous are the testimonies of the Etruscan phase of Civita, especially in the area called Old St. Francis; in fact, a small Etruscan necropolis was found in the cliff underneath the old belvedere of San Francesco. The San Bonaventura cave, which says that San Francesco resuscitated the little Giovanni Fidanza, which later became San Bonaventura, is actually an Etruscan chamber tomb. The Etruscans made Civita, a thriving city, favored by its strategic position for commerce, thanks to its proximity to the most important ways of communication. Of the Etruscan period there are many testimonies: the so-called Bucaione, a deep tunnel that affects the lowest part of the town, is particularly suggestive and allows access to the Calanchi Valley directly from the village. In the past, many tombs were also visible at the base of Civita's cliff and other adjacent tuff walls, which unfortunately were largely phagocytised over the centuries by countless landslides. Moreover, the Etruscans themselves had to face the problems of seismicity and instability of the area, which in the 280th BC. they escalated into telluric shocks and landslides. On the arrival of the Romans, in 265 BC, the massive works of rainwater channeling and containment of the streams started by the Etruscans were resumed. Inside the village there are several medieval houses, the church of San Donato, which overlooks the main square and where the Santissimo Wooden Crucifix is housed, the Bishop's Palace, a 16th century mill, the birthplace of San Bonaventura and the door of Santa Maria, with two lions holding a human head between the legs, in memory of a popular revolt of the inhabitants of Civita against the Orvietan family of the Monaldeschi. In 2005, Civita huts were proposed as sites of Community interest. The old country is enrolled in the association of the most beautiful villages in Italy. Due to its impressive geographical location and its medieval setting, each year is the destination of many tourists. On the day of Holy Friday, the most famous meeting of the town of Civita takes place, when inside the Church of San Donato, during a moving ceremony, the Holy Crucified is laid, which is laid on a coffin to carry it inside the secular Procession of the Good Friday of Bagnoregio. Legend has it that during a plague epidemic that in 1499 covered the whole territory around Bagnoregio, the Crucifix spoke to a Pia woman, who went every day in the presence of the venerated Image, asking for her prayers that she would end it agony. One day, while she prayed to the Christ, she heard a voice that reassured her and warned her that the Lord had heard her prayers and that the plague would soon end, as it happened on a few days after the death of Pia woman . Access to Borgo di Civita is at an additional cost.