The Alte Pinakothek is an art museum located in the Kunstareal of Munich, It is one of the oldest and rich galleries in the world. The name (Pinacoteca antica) refers to the period covered by art, the Neue Pinakothek covers the art of the nineteenth century and the recently opened Pinakothek der Moderne covers modern art. All galleries are part of the Kunstareal of Munich (the art area). The collection was founded by William IV who ordered contemporary painters to create some historic paintings. The Elector Massimiliano I bought mostly paintings by Albrecht Dürer and his nephew Massimiliano II Emanuele bought many Dutch and Flemish paintings while he was Governor of the Spaniards of the Netherlands. After the reunification of Bavaria and the Palatinate, the galleries of Mannheim, Zweibrucken and Dusseldorf were moved to Munich (the first two in 1798 and 1799, the third in 1806), also to protect the collections from the Napoleonic wars and spolarisations. During this period, too, many secularized paintings belonging to the churches and the abolished monasteries became state property. Ludwig I of Bavaria mainly collected German, Dutch and Italian paintings from the Renaissance; in particular, purchased in 1827 the famous collection of Sulpiz and Melchior Boisserée of Cologne, the result of the passion of two brothers who had bought many works of the German and Flemish primitives sold out in the Napoleonic years; in 1828, that Wallenstein, who brought to Munich other works by Dürer; while during his travels to Italy as an hereditary prince he bought paintings by Botticelli, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Filippino Lippi and Beato Angelico, among others. Famous remains his perseverance for the purchase of Our Lady of Temptation by Raffaello Sanzio from the family Tempi of Florence, which lasted twenty years. Meanwhile (the first stone was placed in 1826) he had ordered Leo von Klenze to erect the gallery. The museum halls were specially designed to accommodate blades like the Great Judgment of Rubens, one of the greatest paintings ever painted. Much modern for those times, construction became an example for museum buildings in Germany and Europe since its inauguration in 1836; in particular it also became a model for the new galleries in Rome, St. Petersburg, Brussels and Kassel. The acquisitions continued sporadically until the second half of the nineteenth century, with some shots of luck like the purchase of Leonardo's Madonna of Carnation in 1889, or of the Annunciation by Antonello da Messina. The picture gallery was partially destroyed during the Second World War by bombing, which seriously damaged the original interior decorations but was rebuilt and reopened to the public in the late 1950s. Since the late 1960s, the support of some Bavarian banks has allowed the arrival of numerous Italian and French works of the seventeenth century, in which the gallery was deficient. A further closure was necessary in 1988, when an unbalanced arm of sulfuric acid severely damaged several paintings by Dürer, including the Altar Paumgartner (now restored), and the Mater Dolorosa, whose restoration was completed only in 2009. The gallery was reopened only in 1998. Updates to security systems led to the protection of all the most important paintings by invisible crystals. The museum houses a large collection of several thousand European paintings from the 13th to the 18th century. His collections of ancient Italian, German, Dutch and Flemish paintings are among the most important in the world. About 700 paintings are displayed. As far as the Spanish section of art is concerned, although it is the smallest, all the great masters of the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are represented. The paintings of Francisco de Goya were transferred to the Neue Pinakothek.