Tourist Attraction in Salerno: Chiesa di Sant'Andrea de Lavina
The church of Sant'Andrea de Lavina or the Lama is an ancient church of Salerno, dating to at least the IX century. The church is so called because of the Lavina torrent ("drainage water") which is still flowing below the road facing it, and was built in a period back to 832; In that year, the duke salted Sicardo, conquered Amalfi and deported some of the inhabitants to Salerno, confining them to the present-day neighborhood called "Fornelle"; The prisoners therefore wanted to build a church dedicated to their Patron. The front of the temple is currently facing east, but once it was turned west, and in that situation remained at least until the end of the sixteenth century: the first church, built on the ruins of a Romanesque building, is at least underground 6 m below the current road level, and presents the remains of three frescoed apses of which only the central is well visible, with the representation of the four Archangels. Around the tenth century, perhaps after a flood, the former church was partially demolished and used as a burial ground (some skeletons recently brought to light, are still in the original position and are exposed, creating an evocative atmosphere) , And on it was built a larger one, of which there are still two of the three aisles, as well as some frescoes depicting two saints and an inscription in Greek, which attests to a possible different environment, besides that Amalfi. The third church was built on the former (which in turn became a burial ground) around the thirteenth century. The witness of the change is a palette of frescoes (the oldest of which dates back to that time) depicting two holy bishops (early 14th century); Secondly difficult to read (possibly fifteenth century) and a third sixteenth-century layer painted like a fake tabernacle, with scenes of the life of a saint, perhaps Andrea himself. The columns of the third church are embedded in the pillars of the right aisle: after the revival of the plant towards E at the end of the sixteenth century, in fact, the church underwent a radical restoration that made it a Baroque appearance that in part still preserves. The bell tower dates back to the 11th century and has three levels of ogival arches, although recent excavations have brought to light a two-lane on the N side; With his bells, Ippolito da Pastena (the "Masaniello Salernitano") in 1648 incited the people to the revolt against the Spaniards. For at least three centuries, due to an ancient document of 866, this church was confused with another homonym (now disappeared) that was to be super-built by Radeprandi; Another recently discovered document revealed that the "Radeprandi door" (or Rateprandi) was located in the upper part of the city, roughly where today the diocesan museum is located (probably the old Rotary Gate, originally called Radeproducts from the name of some important local character). Because of this misunderstanding, the street in front of the entrance to the church is still called via Porta Radeprandi, and a massive little arc is, for a long time, traded for the door itself.