Palazzo Pitti was the residence of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, already inhabited by the Medici, the Habsburg-Lorraine and the Savoy. It is located in piazza dei Pitti at civic number 1 in the Oltrarno area. Inside there is a museum complex with galleries and museums of different nature: the Palatina Gallery, arranged according to the criterion of the 18th century photo album, the Royal Apartments, the Apartment of the Duchess of Aosta and the District of the Prince of Naples. the Museum of Fashion and Costume, the largest Italian museum dedicated to fashion, the Porcelain Museum and the Museum of Carriages. Boboli's monumental gardens are one of the best examples in the Italian garden world. The entire museum complex of Palazzo Pitti, which also includes the Boboli Garden, was visited in 2016 by a total of 1,282,089 people, making it, after the Uffizi and the Academy, the third most visited Italian state museum in Florence. Luca Pitti was rival of the Medici family and wished for a more luxurious residency than the one erected by Michelozzo for Cosimo the Elder. Legend has it that Luca Pitti demanded that the windows of the new palace were bigger than the main door of Cosimo and that the courtyard could contain the entire Palazzo Strozzi. Officially the architect was Luca Fancelli, student and collaborator of Brunelleschi. The arrangement of the gardens had already begun in 1551 by Niccolò Tribolo. The original design of the gardens was centered on a central amphitheater, which was realized using the natural shape of the hill, where classical comedies and tragedies frequently appeared as some of Giovan Battista Cini's writings, while the scenery was curated by the architect of Court Baldassarre Launches. In 1565 Giorgio Vasari built a corridor that crossed Ponte Vecchio to connect Palazzo Pitti with Palazzo Vecchio, passing through the church of Santa Felicita. In the inner courtyard was later realized an extravagant cave with limestone concretes and statues of puttins swimming in the tub called Moses Cave. The Grotta Grande, is located in the garden, adjacent to the first exit of the Corridor Vasariano. Giorgio Vasari himself began the work, stopping at the lower part of the facade, but his construction was chiefly to Bernardo Buontalenti who made it between 1583 and 1593 on the assignment of Francesco I de 'Medici: it consists of three environments characterized by fantastic decorations that together paint painting, sculpture and architecture, illusionistic effects and water games. Built in the will of Cosimo I in 1560, the 'Chapel of the Relics'. Inside were armed decorations painted by Giovanni Bilivert, Filippo Tarchiani, Fabrizio Boschi and Matteo Rosselli painted by Giovan Battista Foggini, Massimiliano Soldani Benzi, Giuseppe Antonio Torricelli. The "Sacred splendor" exhibition of 2014, wanted to return the image of these collections that have been enriched over the years. In the early nineteenth century, the palace was also used by Napoleon Bonaparte as a residence for his passing through the city during his Italian government. Subsequently, with the return of Lorraine, several extensions were carried out, including the arrangement of the head rondo and the construction of an internal staircase by the architect Pasquale Poccianti. In 1833, under Leopold II, parts of the palace were open to the public as a museum. The Lorraine withdrew after the vote that decided the annexation of Tuscany to Piedmont, in the process of unification of Italy, with the palace that went so to use the Casa Savoia.