Villa della Regina is a seventeenth-century villa in Turin, located in the eastern hilly part of the city, in the Borgo Po district. It was built for the will of Maurizio di Savoia first cardinal and then, since 1641, Prince of Oneglia - and then passed to his wife Ludovica (or Luisa Cristina) of Savoy. Later he was destined to reside on the sovereign Savoy, the reason of the name with which he remained known. From 1869 it was donated by the Savoy to the National Institute for the Daughters of Italian Militaries. It is part of the circuit of the Savoy Residences in Piedmont and since 1997, the Villa is enrolled in the World Heritage List as part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Savoy Residences. It was designed around 1615 by the Roman architect Ascanio Vitozzi, the designer of the Royal Palace of Turin, who died in the same year. The villa, originally conceived as a sumptuous country residence with outlying vineyards, was then built by architects Charles and Amedeo of Castellamonte (father and son), commissioned by Cardinal Maurice of Savoy, the second son of Duke Carlo Emanuele I and brother of Duke Vittorio Amedeo I. The Cardinal was a man of great culture who later renounced the cardinal purple to live in this villa with his nephew Ludovica (or Luisa Cristina) of Savoy, who in 1642 at the age of 13 (aged forty-nine) had become his wife. From the beginning it was therefore called Villa Ludovica and in a pavilion of it Cardinal Maurizio was usually organizing meetings of academics, scientists and intellectuals. This lounge, which was part of the historian Savoy Emanuele Tesauro and the future Pope Innocent X, was called the Accademia dei Solinghi and discussed about literature, science, philosophy and mathematics. Maurizio di Savoia and his wife both died in this villa in 1657 and 1692 respectively. The name with which the complex was known derives from the fact that it was the residence of the Savoy queens during the eighteenth century. Anna Maria of Orléans, wife of Vittorio Amedeo II, in particular, chose her favorite residence after having relied on redesign to Filippo Juvarra who cared for every aspect of the interior and exterior, including the minutest decorations. The Villa thus became, in tune with the taste of the time, a place of delights and entertainment. Often the court stayed there throughout the month of September after the 8th anniversary of the liberation of Turin from the siege of 1706. During the French occupation, the Villa was included in the imperial estate. This allowed full reuse to the Restoration. With the transfer of the Savoy court, following the donation made by King Vittorio Emanuele II in 1868, July 4, 1869 became the seat of the National Institute of the Daughters of Officers who fought during the Italian Wars of Independence. From that year, he finally ceased to be a private property of the Royal House and became the headquarters of the sections of Arts and Letters. Frescoes and frescoed rooms of the noble floor were used in classrooms and in the director's apartment; the two loggias on the rococo salon hosted the drawing and sewing classes. During the reign of Umberto I several furnishings were transferred to the Palazzo del Quirinale, including the famous bookstore performed by ebanist Pietro Piffetti. The vineyard has been restored in the garden, so in 2008 it was possible to carry out the first harvest of Freisa. Inside the residence are frescoes and paintings by Giovanni Battista Crosato, Daniel Seiter and Corrado Giaquinto, located in the main salon. In the adjoining rooms are remarkable the four Chinese Cabinets in fine lacquered and golden wood. Much of the stuccos, including the decorations of the green room and the Anna Maria room of Orléans, are the work of Pietro Somazzi.