Tourist Attraction in Como: Basilica di San Carpoforo
The basilica of San Carpoforo was the first basilica of the Diocese of Como, and its first cathedral. San Carpoforo is not any church. It was the first basilica of the Diocese of Como and its first cathedral. It was founded at the end of the 4th century, by the will of the first bishop of Como, San Felice, consecrated bishop and sent to Como in 386 by Ambrose, bishop of Milan from 374 to 397. Around this church was born the first Christian community of Calle persecutions of Maximilian and Diocletian of 303-305: Carpoforo, Esanzio, Cassio, Severus, Second, Licinius and Fedele, soldiers of the Legion Tebea fleeing from Milan together with Sant'Alessandro and accompanied by San Fedele, or by the person who had received from Materno Bishop of Milan from 316 to 328 and predecessor of Ambrose) the responsibility to evangelize that plague. Before entering the city, they were arrested and then brought to the foot of Baradello Castle, in a place where a worship of the god Mercury was witnessed (thanks to the find of some graves). Here they were martyred for decapitation. Sant'Alessandro was brought to Milan, while San Fedele managed to escape, climbed back to the lake, and in turn captured and killed near Samolaco where today stands the oratory of San Fedele. But being the only church in the diocese, it could only be the seat of the bishop; At least until it was replaced by the SS basilica. Peter and Paul, built by Amanzio on the site where today stands the basilica of Sant'Abbondio. Towards 724, Liutprando, king of the Longobards, commissioned an extension of the early Christian building. After a thousand years, in a period of great renewal that coincided with the rebuilding of the third church of Como, which became the basilica of Sant'Abbondio, the basilica of San Carpoforo was transformed into Romanesque forms typical of the Magistri cumacini, was added the bell tower and A monastery was entrusted to the Benedictine monks, then to the hermits of St. Jerome. In 1772, at the time of Joseph II, the monastery was suppressed and the basilica converted into a parish of the then commune of Camerlata. The basilica features three aisles supported by rectangular section pillars, supporting arches, supporting the roof nave roof cover and the cruciate roof of the two aisles. At the end of the aisles there is an elevated presbytery accessible through two stone stairs. Below, a crypt was made, divided into three naves from six granite columns with capitals, to hold once on a cruise. The main altar is adorned with baroque polychrome marble, and surrounded by a coevo choir. The altar covers the ancient sarcophagus of the founder San Felice, also coated with polychrome marbles in the 17th-century baroque style. The west-facing facade, facing the above-mentioned Barnard Castle, is counter-ground, due to ancient landslides. The entrance is made laterally by the right nave. The side chapels are decorated with frescos of the first sixteenth century, in manieristic style. On the site of the previous baptismal font is a fresco of the 18th century depicting the Baptism of the Jordan.