The Teatro Scientifico di Mantova (or Teatro Bibiena or Academy Theater) was created by Antonio Bibbiena in 1767-69 and decorated in 1773-75 with a facade of Piermarini by Paolo Pozzo (1741-1803). The place where the theater was located was previously occupied by a palace, home of Ferrante I Gonzaga, count of Guastalla, general of the imperial army during the Sacco di Roma, then viceroy of Sicily. His son, Caesar, founded in 1562, hosting him with him, the Academy of the Invaghiti (since 1610 Academy of Invitations, from the 1648 Academy of Shadows). The building included a small covered theater, probably on the left, in line with the style of the era. In 1767, about sixty years after the beginning of Austrian domination, it was the Timid Academy that commissioned a new theater. The commission was commissioned to Bolognese Antonio Bibbiena, son of the famous baroque artist Ferdinando. He was a scenographer and architect himself, Antonio was illustrious in the creation of the new Theater of Bologna, inaugurated on May 14, 1763 and in Mantua, in the design of the facade of the Church of San Barnaba. Bibiena demolished the sixteenth-century theater and designed a fixed scene, whose edges built two overlapping corridors to form a two-storey loggia. The hall had a bell-shaped design, which produces the feeling of a circular environment. The room looks finely decorated: with four columns, four niches with statues of illustrious mantovans (Gabriele Bertazzolo, Baldassarre Castiglione, Pietro Pomponazzi, Virgilio) and a general decorative trim that produces a sense of movement.