Tourist Attraction in Rieti: Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta
The cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta is the most important Catholic worship site in Rieti, the city's cathedral and the church of the same name of the diocese of the same name. It has been declared a national monument since 1902. Some duomo and its adjacent environments are part of the Exhibit Route of the Diocesan Museum of Ecclesiastical Goods The primitive cathedral of Rieti dates back to the 6th century and was dedicated to Santa Maria. And was consecrated by Pope Honorius III on September 9, 1225. The crypt, commonly called the lower basilica for its greatness and the fact that it was located at the level of the road plan, was built between 1109 and 1157 and consecrated on September 1 1157 by the local Dodone bishop. All the thirteenth century was a period of splendor and economic prosperity for the city of Rieti, which was often elected to a papal office. Over the course of a century, the popes Innocent III (1198), Honorius III (1219 and 1225) resided there ), Gregory IX (1227, 1232 and 1234), Niccolò IV (between 1288 and 1289) and Boniface VIII (1298). The baptistery dates back to the fourteenth century, as it dates back to 1458 the portico connecting the baptistery to the cathedral, built at the will of the bishop Angelo Capranica. The original Romanesque style was contaminated by the changes of the later centuries, especially in the interior where it was completely lost for the Baroque style. In 1639, Cardinal Gianfrancesco Guidi di Bagno, bishop of Rieti, framed the columns dividing the aisles into large rectangular pillars, linking them longitudinally with five strings on one side, and covering the unblocked ceiling of the central nave once. During the eighteenth century, ten noble chapels were built (of which 2 in the transept and 8 in the lateral aisles), with which the external appearance of the Duomo's sides was also enlarged to extend the chapels and saw the disappearance of the stone favor of a plastered wall. The Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta is located in the historic center of the city of Rieti. The main facade of the building faces the portico and the bell tower on Piazza Cesare Battisti, which also overlooks the Palazzo Vincentini. The shrine is covered by a porch, added in 1458, through the porch you reach the three entrances of the Cathedral, that of the baptistery and that of the bell tower. The three accesses to the cathedral are in Romanesque style, overlaid by lunettes with frescoes of the fifteenth century; the central portal, finely adorned with floral and zoomorphic motifs, is one of the most valuable works of the Cathedral. Along the porch, embedded in the façade to the left of the portals, there is the coat of arms and the funeral monument of Cardinal Angelo Capranica, who was bishop of Rieti twice (from 1450 to 1468 and from 1477 to 1478) of the construction of the porch; his remains lie in the basilica of Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome. It has its entrance on the porch, also the Romanesque bell tower, with square plan. On the wall of the bell tower inside the porch, on the side of Via Cintia, the fresco The Miracle of the Bell of Marcantonio Aquili (1510), partially faded, recalls a miraculous event of 1459 (when the great bell of the Cathedral, of Santa Barbara, rushed to the ground without breaking and without causing injuries). In the upper part of the bell tower there are two planes of twin pairs, which give the bell tower.