The Synagogue Scola Nova is a synagogue built in the ancient Jewish quarter of Trani. After the expulsion of the Jews in the 16th century it became a church with the name of Santa Maria di Scolanova. It returned to its original use in 2005. In the ancient Jewish quarter of Trani there were four synagogues which were converted into churches in the sixteenth century as a result of the expulsion of local Jews. The Synagogue Scola Nova is with the synagogue-museum Sant'Anna one of the two surviving buildings. The Synagogue ScolaNova was built in the 13th century and is accessed by a stairway rising from the road to a door on the western side. The simple façade is overlooking Scolanova Street. The building is built of limestone masonry. It has a unique portal and four single-face arch windows. The entire building is dominated by a sailboat in its turn surmounted by a gable on which a star of David is wrought. Overall architectural features recall the style of the religious buildings of Murge and the valley of Itria.