Maeshowe, is a complex of neolithic tombs located in Scotland, on the Orkney Islands. The monuments around Meashowe, including Skara Brae, were listed in UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1999. It is named after the type of mortuary rooms, which has nothing in common with the others in the Orcad or in other places, and is one of the largest burial places in the Orcadas. The positioning of the tombs is done so that the Central Room is illuminated during the winter solstice. Originally built by Neolithic populations, it is close to other similar and equally interesting places that are likely to be contemporary. As described in the Saga of the Orcad Men Maeshowe Was Sacked From Vikings around the Twelfth Century. The Vikings left, passing, a series of Runic rock carvings on the Tumuli Stone Walls which they used as Refuge. Over 30 inscriptions have been found, the World's Richest Collection. The roof is supported by shelves and was destroyed in 1861 by overly enthusiastic archaeologists, who also discarded much material found, among which some artifacts. In general, they caused relatively little damage, and the site still has many unique features within the British archipelago. The origin of the name Maeshowe is not safe. While the second part (Howe) is almost certainly derived from the old Norwegian haugr, which indicates a Hill for funerary use, many ideas on the origin of the first part, Maes, were advanced over time. These theories include: Celtic Origins. The Welsh term 'Maes' means 'Field' or 'Area'; Normally the term meas was followed by an adjective, for example 'Maes teg' indicated a lawn. 'Maeshowe' could mean 'funeral hills', or 'area surrounding the tombs'. Due to the few surviving pre-Nazi elements, this theory does not come very successful. A person's name. 'Maeshowe' could simply be a deformation of 'Tormis' Howe, or the Tomb of someone called Tormis. Ancient norwegian term for 'The Maiden's Tomb', 'The Tomb of the Virgin. In this case the original term would be meyjarhaugr. Ancient norwegian term for 'The Great Tomb', or 'the Great Tomb'. In this case it would be mestrhaugr. It is interesting to note that Maeshowe is called Orkahaugr in the Saga of Orkadi Men. The first part of the name, Orka, means the power of the Greatness.