Tourist Attraction in Budapest: Szépmúvészeti Múzeum
Budapest's Fine Arts Museum is housed in a monumental palace on the western side of the Heroes Square. built in eclectic-neoclassical style by architects Albert Schickedanz and Fulop Herzog in the early twentieth century. It houses one of the most important collections of paintings in the world, with works covering all the time from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century and all major European schools. The museum was opened to the public in its current headquarters in 1906. The first large collection of collections that today the museum boast was acquired thanks to donations and legacies of Hungarian nobles and prelates who had developed a competent passion from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries collecting. In 1848, as soon as the independent revolutionary motions ceased, he personally took over the enlargement of the collection (transferring works from many public buildings) Lajos Kossuth, the popular hero and father of the Hungarian homeland. Since then, the expansion policy, through donations and purchases, has not stopped. The most important extension took place in 1870 when the family of Esterházy princes agreed to sell to the government its extraordinary collection of 636 paintings by Raffaello, Correggio, Veronese, Rubens, Van Dyck, Tiepolo and Goya. The museum was bombed and plundered by Nazi troops during World War II. The transfused works were restored after the war. The expansion of collections continued with the communist government of the country (with the purchase of masterpieces by Poussin, El Greco, Monet, Corot and many others). The collections are now divided into six sections: the Egyptian collection; the collection of Roman Greek antiquities; the gallery of ancient masters (including a section of Italian painting of exceptional wealth with works by Giotto in Tiepolo, one of Spanish painting (works by Diego Velázquez, Ribera, El Greco, Murillo and Goya), one of Flemish and Dutch paintings (works Gerard David, Hans Memling, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Rubens, Van Dyck, Rembrandt and his school, Jacob Van Ruisdael), one comprising the Germanic and Austrian schools (works by Hans Holbein the Elder, Albrecht Dürer and Lucas Cranach ), a French painting (with works by Nicolas Poussin, Claude Lorrain, Simon Vouet), the collection of ancient sculptures (with the only sculptural work - a bronze equestrian statue - attributed to Leonardo and important Renaissance Italian works, such as Giuditta by Giovanni della Robbia and the Archangel Gabriele of Agostino di Duccio), the collection of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (with works by all the major French Impressionists), The Cabinet of Drawings and Prints (co set about ten thousand drawings and more than one hundred thousand prints). An exhibition entitled From Raffaello to Goya. Portraits from the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest, held in Turin between October 2004 and January 2005, allowed the general public to appreciate the extraordinary collection of portraits in the museum (works by Raffaello, Gentile Bellini, Titian, Tintoretto, Moroni , Veronese, El Greco, Rubens, Goya and many others).