Tourist Attraction in Budapest: Szent István-bazilika
The St. Stephen's Basilica is a basilica located in the Pest area. It is a cross-section of the Archdiocese of Strigonio-Budapest. It was designed from 1850 and ended in 1905. Its capacity is about 8,000 faithful. The style is predominantly neoclassical. The construction of the building, which was designed in 1850 by József Hild, dates back to 1851. After the death of the architect, in 1867 the direction of the work went to Miklós Ybl, who made the imposing dome in 1868. The church, in 1906 by Jozsef Kauser, was consecrated in the presence of Emperor Francesco Giuseppe I and elevated to the dignity of a minor basilica in 1938, on the twentieth anniversary of the death of Saint Stephen. The basilica is a Greek cross, with dome at the crossing of the nave with the transept. This element reaches the same height as the Palace of Parliament (96 m, symbol of its presence in equal parts in the state of religion and politics): according to current laws, no building in the city can therefore be taller. The facade is symmetrical and devoid of excessive decorations: at its center, near the entrance, a large serpentine arch opens, while above it there is a pedestal supported by grooved corinthian pilasters with sculpted pediment and the phrase "I I am the Way, the Truth and the Life "in Latin on the trabeation. Two bell-shaped bells frame everything, with bows, timpani and mulch. In the Major Portal, the Twelve Apostles are carved. The interior is rich in marble, mosaics and fine works of art by Hungarian artists such as Mor Than, Bertalan Szekely, Gyula Benczur, Karoly Lotz (his mosaics of dome and apse), Alajos Strobl, János Fadrusz, Pal Patzay and Béni Ferenczy. The dome, cluttered, is set on plumes on the model of the Vatican Basilica. The barrel vaults are decorated with golden octagonal lacunaries. Outside, the drum houses four niches with the Evangelists, by Leo Feszler. In the chapel to the right of the altar is honored the Holy Right, the right arm of King Santo Stefano, founder of Hungary, who died in 1038. The precious and venerated relic arrived in the basilica in 1945. You can climb the dome drum where you can enjoy a panorama of the city at a height of 65 meters.