Tourist Attraction in Canberra: Australian War Memorial
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial that honors members of all its armed forces and support organizations that have died or participated in the wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia. The memorial includes a national military museum. The Australian War Memorial was inaugurated in 1941 and is considered one of the most significant monuments of its kind in the world. It is located in the capital of the country, Canberra. The memorial is located north of the city's ceremonial axis, which extends from the Parliament House of Capital Hill. No continuous road connects the colon, but there is a free line of sight from the Parliament arcade to the War Memorial, and the War Memorial front returns to the House of Parliament. The Australian War Memorial consists of three parts: the Memorial Area, which includes the Hall of Memory with the Tomb of the Australian Soldier, the Memorial Galleries and the Research Center. The Memorial also houses an outdoor sculpture garden. Many people include Anzac Parade as part of the Australian War Memorial due to the physical design of the parade that led to the War Memorial, but is kept separately from the National Capital Authority. The Memorial is located on a large lawn at the northern end of Anzac Avenue. The memorial area is located in the open center of the memorial building and the sculpture garden (the sanctuary) is located on the grassy lawn to the west. The heart of the memorial area is the Hall of Memory, a domed chapel with a small octagon-shaped top. The walls are covered with small mosaic tiles from the floor to the dome. Inside the tomb of the unknown Australian Soldier. Three of the walls, facing east, west and south, are characterized by windows that represent military qualities and Australian women. On the four walls facing north-east, north-west, south-east and south-west are images of a sailor, a worker, a soldier and an airman. The mosaic and stained glass windows are the work of the Australian muralist Napier Waller, who lost his right arm on the battlefield during the First World War and learned to write and create his own left arm works. He completed his work in 1958. Opposite the Hall of Memory is a narrow courtyard with a memorial pool around an eternal flame and flanked by sidewalks and shrubs, including rosemary plantations for souvenirs. Above the courtyard on both sides there are long cloisters containing the parchment of honor, a series of bronze plates that appoint the soldiers, killed in operations of conflict or peacekeeping. The plates include names from the British Sudanese expedition, the Second Boer War and the boxer rebellion. All the long wall of the Western Gallery is covered with the names of the 66,000 dead in the First World War. The East Gallery is covered with the names of those who died in World War II and conflicts since then. The Colonial Gallery located behind the Temporary Exhibition Gallery states that the Boar War Imperial Imperial Broker does not appear on the Parchment of Honor, not because he was dishonored but because he was not a member of the Australian Armed Forces. On the other hand, with the inclusion of the memorial book that lists the names of all Australians who died in the service of other allied armies, it is also absent, this is due to the fact that he was not serving in a normal allied unit nor was he technically an Australian citizen at the moment.